It could actually take days of touring by tough terrain and hours of laborious processing by hand to get a plate of fonio, a comparatively unknown grain native to Africa that tastes nice, has spectacular dietary credentials, works nicely in quite a lot of functions and is extraordinarily sustainable.

However in 2020, Terra Components plans to deliver this grain to the remainder of the world. With a brand new state-of-the-art processing plant about to open in Senegal in West Africa and a pasteurization and high quality management plant for it in North Dakota, annual exports of fonio could possibly be within the hundreds of tons, Terra Components Director Peter Carlson informed Meals Dive.

Terra is a pacesetter in components created from natural and non-GMO grains, pulses and different crops. It has state-of-the artwork processing services in the USA, and a presence on six continents. Carlson mentioned as soon as he realized about fonio, the choice to deliver the grain to different elements of the world was simple.

“It grew to become very apparent that no one might do it like we are able to,” he mentioned. “…We could not not get within the fonio market.”

Fonio has by no means been formally cultivated. Carlson mentioned the crop hasn’t even been bred to propagate fascinating traits, resembling crops with stronger stalks that do not droop when the grain is ripe.

It is grown within the Sahel area of Africa — a belt within the northern a part of the continent south of the Sahara and north of the savannah that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Crimson Sea. And whereas the area does embody some giant cities, Carlson mentioned fonio is extraordinarily tough to come back by in locations like coastal Dakar, Senegal due to the distant locations the place it’s grown.


“It grew to become very apparent that no one might do it like we are able to. … We could not not get within the fonio market.”

Peter Carlson

Director, Terra Components


The grain is nutritious and attractive, with a barely nutty taste. Carlson mentioned it makes a superb gluten-free flour and can be utilized in lots of baking functions. It even be eaten by itself like couscous or quinoa.

“I feel I preserve going again to the style as a result of that is what we hear from so many individuals, about how thrilling the precise style is,” Carlson mentioned. “In some methods, the non-gluten market — it is not a distinct segment market, after all, it is large — however numerous these issues are compromise merchandise, if you’ll. Fonio will not be a compromise product. … It really works nicely for the gluten-free weight loss program, but it surely’s additionally for people who find themselves consuming gluten as nicely. It matches for that style.”

Fonio additionally is an efficient supply of fiber, protein, amino acids, B nutritional vitamins, zinc and magnesium. Carlson mentioned that individuals who stay within the villages the place fonio is grown make some extent to eat the grain when they’re sick.

As well as, the grain is a sustainable crop. It does nicely with out fertilizer and pesticides. And, given its native space, can develop nicely with out a lot water.

Fonio checks the entire packing containers for what at this time’s shoppers need in meals. It is unique, tasty, gluten free and nutritious. However it’s additionally notoriously tough to course of and export, which is why extra shoppers have not heard of it. At present, only some small firms export fonio to be offered overseas. And the grain they promote is kind of expensive. Yolélé Meals, the corporate most intently related to fonio now, sells three 10-ounce luggage of the grain on Amazon for $19.95.

fonio
Terra Components

Terra Components will be capable of change fonio’s relative obscurity and excessive worth level, Carlson mentioned. The corporate is within the distinctive place to have the experience to course of the grain to fulfill demand worldwide, he informed Meals Dive.

The corporate spent 12 months on what he mentioned was an “R&D nightmare” because it labored to create a mechanized technique to course of fonio. The grain is so small that it tends to select up bits of sand when the hull is eliminated — and the grain is not a lot greater than sand itself. Eliminating that sand and retaining the grain is likely one of the largest challenges, Carlson mentioned.

Terra Components ultimately constructed a plant in Dakar, Senegal to take away the grain’s hulls and separate out the sand. After being initially processed at this plant, the grain can be shipped to a Terra Components plant in North Dakota for metallic detection and remaining pasteurization — the identical licensed high quality management processes the corporate’s different components already endure.

The Africa processing plant is not but up and working, although Malick Diedhiou, a Terra commodity dealer who works with fonio, informed Meals Dive in an e-mail it’s anticipated to start working this month.


“Everyone we discuss to desires to study extra about it and needs to begin some R&D. … Proper now, there’s in all probability like 10 firms which can be excited to launch a product with it as quickly as they create their formulations.​”

Peter Carlson

Director, Terra Components


As soon as Terra exports its first fonio, there are a lot of CPG firms who’re ready to get their fingers on it, Carlson mentioned. Response amongst producers to the upcoming availability of huge portions of high-quality fonio has been extraordinarily enthusiastic.

“Everyone we discuss to desires to study extra about it and needs to begin some R&D,” he mentioned. “… Proper now, there’s in all probability like 10 firms which can be excited to launch a product with it as quickly as they create their formulations.​”

However the unique grain some hail because the “subsequent quinoa” has one different facet going for it. As a result of it’s cultivated in extraordinarily distant communities, commercialization of the ingredient has a big and direct impression on those that develop it. Carlson mentioned Terra Components is working with three villages to supply its fonio. Though the corporate has solely labored with a comparatively small amount to this point, when manufacturing is scaled up, these communities will reap the advantages.

Terra Components additionally been working with a ladies’s co-op to course of some fonio by hand. To fill a single container, about 90 ladies labored full-time for 2 weeks. And whereas the fonio quickly is not going to be processed by hand, Carlson mentioned these ladies will keep on as important elements of the corporate. They are going to be working with growers, sustaining high quality management, and doing among the processing work.

Carlson mentioned the corporate is trying ahead to bringing fonio to the world.

“Our factor is, frankly, our win-win-win on native farmers’ communities, to the atmosphere and sustainability components, after which thirdly, the … well being acutely aware shoppers right here,” he mentioned. “It has us very excited.”

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